Iceland Glacier

The glaciers of Iceland cover 10% of the land area of the country which is about 11,200 km² or about 4328 sq miles. out of the total area of 103,125 km². This mass of frozen Ice has a considerable impact on the landscape and meteorology of Iceland and make for a great place to have an Icelandic adventure.

Many Icelandic ice caps and glaciers even lie above active volcanoes, such as Grimsvotn and Bardarbunga, which lie under the biggest glacier in Europe, Vatnajokull. The caldera of Grimsvotn is 100 km² in area, and Bardarbunga is 60 km². When volcanic activity occurs under the glacier, the accumulated meltwater can lead to a sudden glacial lake outburst or flood, known in Icelandic as jokulhlaup, literally glacier-run. This huge mass of water forces its way down the glacers and fills the glacial rivers with melted ice as well as huge chunks of ice, parts of the glacier litterally break off and are sweapt downriver where they melt. Volcanic activity does not nesseserily mean that there are eruptions, only that the heat from the liquid magma is so great it melts the ice above it. Such jokulhlaups have however occasionally triggered volcanic eruptions through the sudden release of pressure.
Travelling across the glaciers was rare in earlier times, but nowadays
it’squite common when the weather is good. Such trips however should not be
undertaken by the inexperienced unless accompanied by professionals. The importance of this can not be stressed enough as there are fatalities and seviere accidents on Icelandic glaciers every year.