Geography of Iceland

European island in the North Atlantic (3 hours’ flight from London, 5 ½ hours from New York). It is 103,000 km² (39,756 square. miles) or 42% of the size of UK.


Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom (65 00 N, 18 00 W).


mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, ice fields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
Natural resources: fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite.


Iceland is an island with an average height of 500 m above sea level.  Its highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur, rises to 2.119 m and over 11 per cent of the country is covered by glaciers, including Vatnajökull, the largest in Europe.